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War Crimes: attacks on medical facilities in Syria, facts and data from PHR

PHR has mapped 400 attacks against 276 separate medical facilities in Syria since March 22, 2011. Each incident entry represents a single discrete attack upon a medical facility.

Physicians for Human Rights Update Thursday 15th December 

https://s3.amazonaws.com/PHR_syria_map/findings.pdf

In July 2016, Physicians for Human Rights documented 18 attacks on medical facilities. All 18 were airstrikes carried out by Syrian government or Russian forces. Eleven attacks occurred in Aleppo governorate, five in Idlib governorate, one in Daraa, and one in Hama. July 2016 is now the worst month to date for hospital attacks, surpassing October 2015’s 16 attacks.

In total, Physicians for Human Rights has documented 400 attacks on 276 medical facilities.

  • 362 attacks were by Syrian government and allied forces (293 by Syrian government, 16 by Russian, and 53 by either Syrian government or Russian),
  • 25 by non-state armed groups (eight by IS, two by IS and Jabhat al Nusra, and 15 by various anti-government armed groups), one by coalition forces, and
  • 12 by unknown forces.
  • At least 74 attacks were with barrel bombs. Aleppo and Idlib governorates are the two hardest hit governorates, with 124 and 74 attacks respectively.

In July 2016, Physicians for Human Rights documented the deaths of 11 medical personnel. Ten were killed by Syrian or Russian airstrikes, and one was killed by opposition forces’ shelling. Five medical personnel were killed in Rif Dimashq governorate, four in Aleppo governorate, and two in Daraa governorate.

In total, PHR has documented the deaths of 768 medical personnel.

  • 713 were killed by Syrian government and allied forces (667 by Syrian government forces, one by Russian forces, and
  • 45 by either Syrian government or Russian forces),
  • 39 by non-state armed groups (24 by IS, 15 by various opposition groups),
  • 1 by Kurdish forces, and
  • 15 by unknown forces.
  • The most common cause of death continues to be shelling and bombing (413 deaths), followed by shooting (179 deaths), torture (101 deaths), and execution (61 deaths). The remaining 14 were from other or unknown causes.
  • Breakdown of those killed by profession
    • 242 doctors
    • 175 nurses
    • 142 medics
    • 72 pharmacists
    • 38 medical students
    • 22 ambulance workers
    • 20 veterinarians
    • 19 dentists
    • 14 dentistry students
    • 10 veterinary students
    • 8 pharmacy students
    • 6 laboratory technician
  • Breakdown by governorate
    • 142 in Rif Dimashq
    • 117 in Aleppo
    • 100 in Daraa
    • 93 in Idlib
    • 90 in Homs
    • 58 in Damascus
    • 51 in Deir ez Zor
    • 51 in Hama
    • 20 in Latakia
    • 17 in Raqqa
    • 9 in Hassakeh
    • 4 in Quneitra
    • 2 in Tartous
    • 1 in al Suweida
    • 13 in unknown locations
  • Specific examples of attacks:
    • On July 23 2016, either Syrian government or Russian warplanes launched repeated strikes across al Shaar neighborhood of Aleppo city. Al Bayan Surgical Hospital, al Hakeem Children’s Hospital, al Zahraa Maternity Hospital, al Daqqaq Hospital (for trauma services), and the Aleppo Central Blood Bank were all damaged by attacks and put out of service. Four infants died as a result of the attack on the Children’s Hospital when the oxygen was cut.

     

    July was the worst month on record for hospital attacks, surpassing the previous high of 16 attacks in October 2015.

     

    Total stats on medical facility attacks

  • 400 attacks on 276 separate medical facilities
    • At least 74 attacks were with barrel bombs
    • Breakdown by perpetrator
  • 362 (90.5%) by Syrian government and allied (Russian) forces, which include:
    • 293 by Syrian government forces
    • 16 by Russian forces
    • 53 by either Russian or Syrian government forces
    • 25 (6.3%) by non-state armed groups, which include:
      • 8 by ISIS
      • 2 by ISIS and Jabhat al Nusra working together
      • 15 by opposition groups
        • 3 by FSA
        • 2 by Syrian Islamic Liberation Front
        • 1 by Ajnad al Sham Islamic Union
        • 1 by Jaish al Islam
        • 8 by unidentified opposition groups
      • 1 (0.3%) by US-led international coalition forces
      • 12 (3.0%) by unknown perpetrators
  • Breakdown by governorate
    • 124 in Aleppo
    • 74 in Idlib
    • 58 in Rif Dimashq
    • 31 in Daraa
    • 26 in Deir ez Zor
    • 26 in Homs
    • 21 in Damascus
    • 20 in Hama
    • 10 in Latakia
    • 7 in Raqqa
    • 3 in Hassakeh

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